FEEDING OF LABORATORY ANIMALS i.e. rabbit, g.pig, mice

FEEDING LABORATORY ANIMALS i.e. rabbit, g.pig, mice

Many institutions are rearing various types of laboratory animals as models in the experimentation for large animals/man. These laboratory animals are also used for testing the biological. The various types of laboratory animals used are guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, monkeys, rabbits, dogs etc. if would be beyond the scope of the article to give the nutrient requirement and feeding of all the laboratory animals, however practical giving schedule for the common laboratory animals like guinea pigs, mice and rabbits have been given to acquaint the animal owner in feeding these animals. For detailed feeding practice it is suggested that book on Animals Nutrition in tropics may be consulted.

GUINEA PIGS

There are NRC requirements and Indian Standard Institution has also given requirements for compounded feeds for guinea pigs. The ISI specifications are —-

Requirements for compounded feeds for Guinea pigs

s. n. characteristics                                                                             Requirement1.moisture percent by weight max                                                                                       102. Crude protein, per cent by weight min                                                                             223.Ether extract, per cent by weight min                                                                                44. Crude fiber, per cent by weight                                                                                         9-145. Total ash, per cent by weight max                                                                                     96. Acid Insoluble ash , per cent by weight max                                                                    17. Calcium, per cent by weight min                                                                                        1-28. Phosphorus, per cent by weight min                                                                                 0-6

9. Vitamin C Min                                                                                                                        200 mg/kg

 

The guinea pigs reach 500 g body weight at 12 weeks of age. Diets recommended for their animals contain 22-25 per cent protein.2800Kwal ME, 1 per cent calcium and 0.6 percent phosphorus besides the water and fat for soluble vitamins and minerals as requirements of NRC.

The quality of protein is very important for the growth, reproduction and location of guinea pigs. Therefore, about 30 percent of the protein requirement is given through the animals protein source like skimmed milk powder/fish meal.

The guinea pigs have the requirement for essential fatty acid requirement .Vitamin A,E and k are required to be supplied in the diet. Vitamin D is not needed if calcium: phosphorus ration is adequate. Ascorbic acid is required by the guinea pigs as they cannot synthesize this vitamin—about 6 mg of ascorbic acid is required for 300 g guinea pigs. In the stock diets 8-10 times more ascorbic acid should be incorporated.

The composition of the stock diet used at the IVRI laboratory animal-house is given below:                                                                                                                                                                                                                %

 

 

Yellow maize                                                                                              15

Groundnut cake                                                                                         15

Fish meal/dry skin milk powder                                                                    23

Wheat bran                                                                                                 10

Salt                                                                                                           36

Mineral mixture                                                                                         0.5

Vitamin premix                                                                                          0.5

The central grains are ground .To the 100 kg of the stock diet 10.g of vitamin A + B 2 premix is added. In addition 6 mg of ascorbic acid and 0.15 mg of vitamin E may be given per animal per day. It is always better to cook by which the digestibility is improved.

The green fodder like berseem, Lucerne, cabbage, cow pea etc. are offered in addition to the stock diet .The adult animals consume the diet at the rate of 7-8 percent. They consume between 20-30 g of stock feed when they are growing, 30-50 g when adult and 40-60g during pregnancy and lactation depending upon the litter size and season.

Feeding of other Laboratory Animals

The other laboratory animals like rats, mice, hamster, rabbit have their nutrient requirement and different feeding schedules which, if required the animal owner may consult the book ANIMAL NUTRITION in Tropics.

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Dog as the first pet animal

   Dogs are perhaps closest to humans….

Amongst all the domestic animals,dogs appeared on earth about 20 million years ago.

THEIR PLEASING DEPOSITION,CO-OPERATIVE BEHAVIOR AND NATURAL INSTINCT FOR AFFINITY WITH HUMANS WERE THE REASONS FOR CHOOSING THEM AS DOMESTIC ANIMALS .

According to Hindu mythology , lord DUTTAREY was the pioneer in the world to rear dog as one of the most faithful bodyguard . Also king yudhishtira , during Mahabharata era had a dog pet . In ancient India, kings and caravan merchants were keeping dogs. in the pre independence era the nawab of junagarh of INDIA kept large number of dogs.

Dog was the first animal to be domesticated in different places almost at the same time. Dogs of small breeds are good companions,hounds are loved by hunters while shepherd dogs are maintained for managing farm animals on pastures and ranges . Polar dogs are used as drought animals for pulling sledge carts on the snow covered ground of tundra . Selected are used by police , military , railways , prisons and blind homes

The dogs which were domesticated in the pre-historic period and also today are :-

wild dogs: varieties available today are the dingoes of Australia, Pariah of South & west Asia , and wild dogs of INDIA .

federal dogs:these are domesticated breeds that have returned to their original habitat and have also regained their original habitats.They are often found in the jungles of Asia , Africa and other parts of the world.

pet dogs:pet dogs are mostly pedigreed animals maintained under controlled management. 

Have a nice time with your first dog pet.
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video clip on training,health,man and pet,behaviour of dog`s/ pets / puppy

images (11)

It is a pedigree video clip for

                     training of dog`s/ pets / puppy 

in which you can    see the given below point :                

  1. dog`s/ pets / puppy to walk on a lead
  2. dog`s/ pets / puppy how to teach the first commands
  3. dog`s/ pets / puppy correct punishment
  4. dog`s/ pets / puppy walking with the puppy
  5. dog`s/ pets / puppy the proper way to play with your puppy

                     health of dog`s/ pets / puppy

in which you can    see the given below point :     

  1. health checking your dog`s/ pets / puppy
  2. caring for your  dog`s/ pets / puppy teeth
  3. dog`s/ pets / puppy skin and coat care
  4. dog`s/ pets / puppy eye,ear and claws care 
  5. dog`s/ pets / puppy good toys and bad toys

                    man and dog`s/ pets / puppy

  in which you can    see the given below point :     

  1. being a good campaign with dog`s/ pets / puppy
  2. body language in dog`s/ pets / puppy
  3. how to avoid common mistakes of  dog`s/ pets / puppy
  4. meeting people and other dog`s/ pets / puppy

                   behaviour of dog`s/ pets / puppy

in which you can    see the given below point :     

  1. learning behaviour of dog`s/ pets / puppy
  2. how to deal with fear of dog`s/ pets / puppy

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