FEEDING OF LABORATORY ANIMALS i.e. rabbit, g.pig, mice

FEEDING LABORATORY ANIMALS i.e. rabbit, g.pig, mice

Many institutions are rearing various types of laboratory animals as models in the experimentation for large animals/man. These laboratory animals are also used for testing the biological. The various types of laboratory animals used are guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, monkeys, rabbits, dogs etc. if would be beyond the scope of the article to give the nutrient requirement and feeding of all the laboratory animals, however practical giving schedule for the common laboratory animals like guinea pigs, mice and rabbits have been given to acquaint the animal owner in feeding these animals. For detailed feeding practice it is suggested that book on Animals Nutrition in tropics may be consulted.

GUINEA PIGS

There are NRC requirements and Indian Standard Institution has also given requirements for compounded feeds for guinea pigs. The ISI specifications are —-

Requirements for compounded feeds for Guinea pigs

s. n. characteristics                                                                             Requirement1.moisture percent by weight max                                                                                       102. Crude protein, per cent by weight min                                                                             223.Ether extract, per cent by weight min                                                                                44. Crude fiber, per cent by weight                                                                                         9-145. Total ash, per cent by weight max                                                                                     96. Acid Insoluble ash , per cent by weight max                                                                    17. Calcium, per cent by weight min                                                                                        1-28. Phosphorus, per cent by weight min                                                                                 0-6

9. Vitamin C Min                                                                                                                        200 mg/kg

 

The guinea pigs reach 500 g body weight at 12 weeks of age. Diets recommended for their animals contain 22-25 per cent protein.2800Kwal ME, 1 per cent calcium and 0.6 percent phosphorus besides the water and fat for soluble vitamins and minerals as requirements of NRC.

The quality of protein is very important for the growth, reproduction and location of guinea pigs. Therefore, about 30 percent of the protein requirement is given through the animals protein source like skimmed milk powder/fish meal.

The guinea pigs have the requirement for essential fatty acid requirement .Vitamin A,E and k are required to be supplied in the diet. Vitamin D is not needed if calcium: phosphorus ration is adequate. Ascorbic acid is required by the guinea pigs as they cannot synthesize this vitamin—about 6 mg of ascorbic acid is required for 300 g guinea pigs. In the stock diets 8-10 times more ascorbic acid should be incorporated.

The composition of the stock diet used at the IVRI laboratory animal-house is given below:                                                                                                                                                                                                                %

 

 

Yellow maize                                                                                              15

Groundnut cake                                                                                         15

Fish meal/dry skin milk powder                                                                    23

Wheat bran                                                                                                 10

Salt                                                                                                           36

Mineral mixture                                                                                         0.5

Vitamin premix                                                                                          0.5

The central grains are ground .To the 100 kg of the stock diet 10.g of vitamin A + B 2 premix is added. In addition 6 mg of ascorbic acid and 0.15 mg of vitamin E may be given per animal per day. It is always better to cook by which the digestibility is improved.

The green fodder like berseem, Lucerne, cabbage, cow pea etc. are offered in addition to the stock diet .The adult animals consume the diet at the rate of 7-8 percent. They consume between 20-30 g of stock feed when they are growing, 30-50 g when adult and 40-60g during pregnancy and lactation depending upon the litter size and season.

Feeding of other Laboratory Animals

The other laboratory animals like rats, mice, hamster, rabbit have their nutrient requirement and different feeding schedules which, if required the animal owner may consult the book ANIMAL NUTRITION in Tropics.

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The components of plants and animals

The animal’s body derives all the nutrients for its – physiological functions like growth, milk, wool and egg production from the digestion of food, most of which consist of grasses, forages, hays and concentrate. In utilizing the nutrients present. In the food to the nutrients present in the animal body to transform the nutrients present in the food to the nutrients present in animal body. It is therefore, essential to know the chemical composition of the plants and animals which may give general information regarding the relationship. In the subsequent article the detailed aspects of the various nutritional processes involved in the animal body would be discussed.

COMPOSITION OF PLANTS

In the case of ruminants like cattle, buffaloes, sheep and goats, plants and their by – products from the majors
portion of their diet. The same is true for the monogastric animals like pigs , poultry and pre – ruminant calf but to these animals on a limited scale, foods of animal origin are also fed namely, fish meal, meat meal , meat offal’s and milk products. Plants and animals contain similar types of chemical substances but the relative amount present is different.

Most of the nutrients present in the plants and animals have been grouped together into different classes like water, proteins, fat, carbohydrates and ash. Plants and their by-products show much larger differences in the
chemical compositions then do the animals. The chemical composition of the plants is affected by the physiological stage and the species.

WATER

The water content in the plant decreases with the progressive maturity and so is the case with the animal body .the new born baby has got about 75% of water and about 55% in mature animal

ORGANIC SUBSTANCES

THE main component of organic matter in the plants is carbohydrate whereas in animal’s body the carbohydrate content is very low. The carbohydrates serve as both structural and reserve material in the plants whereas in animals proteins reserve as the structural material and fats serve as the reserve.

FATS

Fats are important components of plants and animals. The liquid content in the plants is very low and contribute little towards energy availability to the animals whereas in the animal body, though variable, fat increases with age.

PROTIENS

Proteins are the major nitrogen containing compounds present in both plants and animal. In young plants protein content is high. Leaves are richer than the stem. In animals muscles hairs, feather, wool, etc are composed of proteins.

Ash

The ash content which contains both micro and macro element in plants is highly variable depending upon soil conditions.

Vitamins

Vitamins are present in plants and animals in small quantities. Plants can synthesize all the vitamins required
for their tissue metabolism whereas animals can’t synthesize all the vitamins which they require as a component of various enzyme systems.

How to make a dog house ?

Many dog owners ask me for details of dog kennel.With this site i would like to answer this question in detail

for dog home ,                                                                                                                   as the health & well being of dogs depend to a great extent to a place where they are housed .

most of my clients are situated in INDORE city and its surroundings so the details are accordingly.

  1. dog house should be located in an elevated , well drained and sunny place .
  2. it should be well built , well ventilated & should be warm in winters , cold in summer .
  3. south – east facing house is preferred
  4. dog house must have adequate sun rays
  5. the size of dog kennel depends on the size of dog breed & the numberr to be accomodated
  6. the dog must get ample provision to jump about freely turn round and change their position in sleep
  7. floor should be made of concrete in such a way so that cleaning can easily done

                                       conventionally the dogs are not kept in separate house

Indore pets clinic feature are as follows
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Veterinarian
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Veterinary surgery doctor
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Veterinary medicine
Vet
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Animal pet hospital
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Pet dog hospital
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Pet vety hospital –
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pets shop
pet shop
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clinic rabbit

rabbit treatment

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doctor for rabbit

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nutritionist for rabbit

rabbit husbandry

doctor for rabbit

rabbit doctor   —–

 

turtle clinic

turtle treatment

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doctor for turtle

physician for turtle

nutritionist for turtle

turtle husbandry

doctor for turtle

turtle doctor   ——-

guenae pig clinic

g . pig  treatment

gpig  surgery

doctor for guenae pig

physician for gunae pig

nutritionist for guinea pig

guinea pig husbandry

doctor for guinea pig

guinea pig doctor   —–

 

 

selection of veterinarian for pet

How to choose a veterinary doctor

If you own a pet and love it, a veterinary doctor is a very important person for you. When it comes to the matters of health and happiness of your pet, your vet is your adviser and a trouble shooter. Choosing a veterinary doctor is the beginning of a long term relationship. You will need your vet in the day-to-day routine matters like general check up and vaccination of your pet, and you will need him in the times of serious emergencies, for many years to come. Therefore, choose an animal doctor as carefully as you would choose a family doctor.

There are many factors that may be kept in mind while selecting a vet. the hours of working are convenient to you, whether he is available in emergencies, whether the fees charged by him are reasonable, and most importantly, whether you and your pet feel comfortable with him.

Thus it is described in this post how to choose the right vet for your pet.
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Indore pets clinic feature are as follows
Veterinary clinic
Veterinary hospital
Veterinarian
Veterinary doctor
Veterinary surgery doctor
Veterinary surgeon
Veterinary medicine
Vet
Vety
Vets
Vet. Clinics
Vety clinic
Vet hospital
Vet doctor
Vet surgeon
Vet medicine
Vet surgery doctor
Vety. clinics
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Vety doctor
Vety surgery doctor
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Vets clinic
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Vet consultant
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Vety consultant
Animal consultant
Animals consultant
Pet consultant
Pets consultant
Dog consultant
Dogs consultant
Pet vet clinic
Pet. Vet. Clinic
Pets vets clinic
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Pets veterinary clinic
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Pets vety clinic —
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Animal pet hospital
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Pet dog hospital
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surgery for animal —
pets shop
pet shop
dog shop    —

clinic rabbit 

rabbit treatment

rabbit surgery

doctor for rabbit

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nutritionist for rabbit

rabbit husbandry

doctor for rabbit

rabbit doctor   —–

 

 turtle clinic

turtle treatment

turtle surgery

doctor for turtle

physician for turtle

nutritionist for turtle

turtle husbandry

doctor for turtle

turtle doctor   ——-

guenae pig clinic

g . pig  treatment

gpig  surgery

doctor for guenae pig

physician for gunae pig

nutritionist for guinea pig

guinea pig husbandry

doctor for guinea pig

guinea pig doctor   —–

 

selection of a puppy

images (14)              Selection of a pup

Owning a dog is a great source of joy and delight. It is however important to take time to understand how to choose a puppy.

It’s advisable to choose a breed that best suits your lifestyle.

Large dogs need plenty of space and also require plenty of exercise.

If you don’t have much time for grooming our dog, then opt for a Short-haired, Smooth coated dog.

The best age to receive your new puppy is about 8 to 12 weeks.

While choosing a puppy check that the eyes, ears and nostrils are clean and free of discharge.

Check his skin and coat for itches, sores and bare patches.

It’s important to ask which vaccinations your puppy has had

Which  ones  he still needs.

Make sure you check what the puppy’s feeding routine is and follow

it for the first week or so.

It’ll help avoid any stress to the digestive system at the same time

Moving  to a new home.

The following points should be considered for selecting a pup to be reared as a pet .

Breed: the pup should have the breed characters.

Pedigree:  pedigree is normally maintained up to 4 generations. Both parents should be registered with the kennel club of the place. The pup should be eligible for registration in a kennel club or dog breeder association , otherwise the market value of the dog & its progeny may be less than of the registered dogs .

Clinical examination: normally an experienced dog owner should possess adequate knowledge about the general signs of health. An inexperienced person can take the help of a veterinary doctor for selecting a healthy pup from the litter. The common apparent signs of health consider at the time of selection are as follows:

  1. The animal should be alert  , active , lively and curious . Some pups may be shy but it should not be confused with sickness.
  2. The eyes should be bright, clear and free from lachrymation and inflammation.
  3. The nose should be clean and free from nasal discharge. It should also be carefully examined for fungal infection
  4. The ear should be clean , free from crusts and loss of hairs and should not emit a foul odour .
  5. Gums should be firm and pink  .
  6. The skin should not be dry and scaly , and there should not be any eruptions or inflammation on the surface of the body .
  7. Body coat should be lustrous , glossy , clean and free from the infestation of ectoparasites  .
  8. The claws , foot pad and grooves between the toes should be thoroughly examined for ticks and inflammation .
  9. The dogs body should be examined thoroughly putting gentle pressure for the general body conditions .
  10. Pulse , respiration and rectal temperature should be recorded and examined
  11. Feaces and urine should be normal  .

 

A healthy pup can be procured at any age after the feeding of dam’s colostrum . New born baby should be allowed suckling as early as possible , and preferably within 12 hours postpartum . colostrums feeding provides immunity against many diseases in early life since it is a rich source of immunoglobulins. It is always better to procure a pup after about 2 weeks of winning and preferably at 4– 5 month of age at which breed characteristics are quite visible.

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Indore pets clinic feature are as follows

  1. Veterinary clinic
  2. Veterinary hospital
  3. Veterinarian
  4. Veterinary doctor
  5. Veterinary surgery doctor
  6. Veterinary surgeon
  7. Veterinary medicine
  8. Vet
  9. Vety
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  15. Vet surgeon
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  58. Pet dog hospital
  59. Dogs pet hospital
  60. Pet vety hospital
  61. pet shop –
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  63. animal shop
  64. veterinary shop
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Indore pets clinic feature are as follows

  1. Veterinary clinic
  2. Veterinary hospital
  3. Veterinarian
  4. Veterinary doctor
  5. Veterinary surgery doctor
  6. Veterinary surgeon
  7. Veterinary medicine
  8. Vet
  9. Vety
  10. Vets
  11. Vet. Clinics
  12. Vety clinic
  13. Vet hospital
  14. Vet doctor
  15. Vet surgeon
  16. Vet medicine
  17. Vet surgery doctor
  18. Vety. clinics
  19. Vety. Hospital
  20. Vety doctor
  21. Vety surgery doctor
  22. Vet. Surgery
  23. Vet surgeon
  24. Vety surgeon
  25. Vety. Medicine
  26.  Vets clinic
  27. Vets hospital
  28. Vets doctor
  29. Vets surgery
  30. Vets surgery doctor
  31. Vets surgeon
  32. Vets medicine
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  48. Pet vety clinic
  49. Pets vety clinic    –
  50. Pet veterinary hospital
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  56. Animal pet hospital
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  58. Pet dog hospital
  59. Dogs pet hospital
  60. Pet vety hospital
  61. pet shop –
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  63. animal shop
  64. veterinary shop
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  67. dog shop
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  72. pet shop for bird
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  85. animal care taker
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  87. veterinary medicine
  88. animal medicine    —
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  118. rabbit clinic
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